It grows naturally in the field during the summer and autumn. 1913. Multiple floret spikelet with 5 – 7 florets that disarticulates above the glumes (glumes remain attached to plant) and between florets . Agropyron geminatum Schult. bicide resistance in E. indica and the evolutionary process in the three allotetraploid E. indica offspring. The plant thrives well in disturbed areas having compacted soils in full sun. One weed that has no real beneficial use to humans is goosegrass, or Eleusine indica. Chuah TS, Salmijah S, Teng YT, Ismail BS (2004) Changes in seed bank size and dormancy characteristics of the glyphosate-resistant biotype of goosegrass (Eleusine indica [L.] Gaertn.). Synonyms (former Scientific Names): ... Goosegrass seedheads grow containing 3-7 spikes. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. 3 vols. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Grass family (Poaceae) Description:Goose Grass is a summer annual about ½–2' tall that is tufted at thebase, sending up multiple ascending culms with alternate leaves. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Both can be treated with similar weed control programs by a lawn maintenance service. Chad (central): grains eaten. wiregrass. There are a few things that differentiate the two different weeds from each other. Eleusine domingensis Sieber ex Schult.. Eleusine glabra Schumach.. Eleusine gonantha Schrank. is an accepted name The Plant List. The culms aregreen, glabrous, and somewhat flattened; they are mostly hidden bythe sheaths. POACEAE / Plants For Use (3) C-glycosylflavones from the aerial parts of Eleusine indica inhibit LPS-induced mouse lung inflammation / Planta medica ISSN 0032-0943 CODEN PLMEAA / … Britton, N.L., and A. Where Found. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. M. S. thesis, Rutgers-the State University of New Jersey, 1959 and unpublished data. Leaves are green and linear. Ususally growing to a height of 1 m or less, Eleusine indica is a tufted annual easily recognized for its narrow, dense spikes, about four of which emanate from the terminus of each culm (Steyermark 1963). Eleusine indica Goosegrass is a perennial grassy weed that is also known as Silver Crabgrass, Wire-grass, Yard-grass, Bullgrass, Crowfoot-grass or by its scientific name, Eleusine indica. … Reproduction and dispersal This species reproduces by seed, which may be spread by water, animals or in contaminated soil and agricultural produce. Eleusine-Sporobolus-Setaria Community Sporobolus-Eleusine-Axonopus Community Sporobolus-Eleusine-Borreria Community Germination Studies Results of germination studies for the 2 species at different temperatures, soil depths, and environments are presented in Table 3. Eleusine indica. the palea and lemma). An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Normal size: 2.4 – 4(5) mm long . Seedlings First leaf 3-5 times longer than wide, and opens parallel to the ground. Paragis is a local common name shared by (1) Eleusine indica, wire grass (2) Paspalum scrobiculatum, kodomillet. The seed of Indian Goose Grass and are sometimes consumed, especially during famine.—A. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Eleusine indica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. goose grass. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Eleusine Indica. Color: straw colored . Eleusine distans Moench. List of various diseases cured by Eleusine Indica. FLORET . Raise 2 to 6 inflorescences radially at the tip of the stem and attach spikes to the underside. Eleusine indica ( L.) Gaertn. Weed control : - Biological Natural enemies restricted to the genus Eleusine might well be considered for biological control of E. indica except in India or other regions where finger millet (E. coracana) is an important cereal. Diamond ... Eleusine indica var. General shape: lanceolate . Biology and Management of Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) Goose Grass (Eleusine indica) GooseGrass. The seed is a reddish-brown to black grain. A check on seed set in the September post-emergence test showed that plants from plots which had been treated with DSMA with and without 2,4-D, yielded an average of 53 and 68 seed respectively as compared with 452 seed from plants of the untreated plots. E. indica seeds germinated best without glumes, at alternating temperatures of 20/35 deg C in light. Other vernacular names. & Schult.f. Eleusine indica is an annual plant which grows to the height of 1/2-2 feet tall. in Ornamental Plant Production3 production (Holm et al. Understanding its life cycle will provide useful management information. Mostof the leaves are located toward the base of the culms. How Eleusine Indica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Distinguishing features Brown. Weed Description Each spikelet contains 3-6 light brown to black seeds that are 1-2 mm long. Eleusine indica - whole plant. Eleusine indica. Eleusine indica. Eleusine indica, etc ; buried seeds; field experimentation; flowers; germination; plant height; reproduction; seed set; seedlings; weed control; weeds; China; Show all 12 Subjects Abstract:... Goosegrass is considered one of the worst agricultural weeds worldwide. 1979). (Poaceae) SPIKELET . Texture: smooth, glabrous, papery . Weed Biol Manag 4 : 114 – 121 California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. spike few to several, usually whorled on stem top, spikelets tightly clustered, thick, two-rowed, flattened The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Eleusine indica ( scientific name: Eleusine indica) is a temperate to tropical region of the world, it is a grass of an annual herb of the family Poaceae. (1) Eleusine indica / Plants For A Future: Database Search Results (2) Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. ARABIC: Kalassindra (Chad). Species Overview. ex Steud.. Eleusine distans Link. Cynosurus ara Buch.-Ham. ELEUSINE INDICA (2n = 2x = 18), commonly known as goosegrass, is an annual, self-pollinating, dip-loid grass species in the Poaceae family. The seeds are edible and also consumed as a famine food but have low yields. 3. Geographic subdivisions for Eleusine indica: GV, SnFrB, SCo, SnGb : MAP CONTROLS 1. silver crabgrass. On germination, the first leaf, about 1 cm long, tapers very suddenly to a point and may be pressed quite flat on the soil. manienie ali'i. It is very similar to crabgrass, and the two weeds are often confused. Indian Goose Grass is a serious weed in row crops. Seeds germinate at or near the surface of moist soils with temperatures above 65°F (Chauhan and Johnson 2008) and are not affected by a pH range from 5–10. Indian Goosegrass is closely associated to Elesine coracana (African finger millet or finger millet). American Samoa Manu‘a Islands Ofu Island Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1975) (voucher ID: BISH 430374) Taxon name on voucher: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. This species generally invades disturbed habitats in natural areas and the margins of conservation areas. Über die Verbreitung von Eleusine indica und E. tristachya (Gramineae) in Österreich Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, B 116: 181-190. The seeds are attached in a zipper appearance on the spike. Eleusine gouinii E.Fourn. Category: Whole plant Eleusine indica - inflorescence Any Eleusine in pre-contact Eastern Woodland archeobotanical assemblages is therefore both intrusive and non-native. These 'seeds' are reddish-brown in colour and enclosed within the old straw-coloured floral bracts (i.e. Its seeds are available in late summer and early fall (Steyermark 1963). It has a rela-tively small genome size of approximately 8.03 × 108 bp (Mysore and Baird, 1997). Baliousis, E. (2014). Eleusine indica ← → Other Common Names: crow's foot. Chloris repens Steud.. Cynodon indicus (L.) Raspail. American Samoa Manu‘a Islands Ofu Island National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Taxon name on voucher: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. It is considered a noxious weed or invasive species in over 42 countries. The ecology, morphology, production and physiology of Eleusine indica seeds were studied. This lawn weed makes its home in sidewalk cracks and lawns. E. indica seeds germinated between 20°C and WC with opti- Fo… Weed Biol Manag 4:114–121 Google Scholar In India, E. indica is a principal weed infesting cultivated soils of upland rice and cotton and vegetable farming’s. India (Maharashtra State, Raigad District): grains made into flour for chapatis. Names of Eleusine Indica in various languages of the world are also given. Eleusine indica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate. Emphasis was on germination, as it determined success or failure as a competitor in a crop. Eleusine indica is a non-native grass commonly found in disturbed sites throughout Florida (Wunderlin, 2003).Originally native to Eurasia, goosegrass is widely distributed in the United States.It is also widespread in Florida where it is commonly found in cultivated fields, turf, pastures, landscapes, orchards, roadsides, and other disturbed sites. It is listed in the top 200 environmental weeds in south-eastern Queensland and also appears on environmental weed lists in the wider Sydney and Blue Mountains region in New South Wales. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Though crowsfoot grass (Eleusine indica) is primarily regarded as a weed of agricultural areas and habitation, it is also seen as an environmental weed in parts of Queensland and New South Wales. Solarization has been shown to kill seeds of E. indica down to 5 cm (Standifer et al., 1984). Later leaves are v-shaped. Soaking seeds prior to incubation resulted in higher germination percentage. Chuah, TS, Salmijah, S, Teng, YT, Ismail, BS (2004) Changes in seed bank size and dormancy characteristics of the glyphosate-resistant biotype of goosegrass (Eleusine indica [L.] Gaertn.). ex Wall.. Cynosurus indicus L.. Cynosurus pectinatus Lam.. Eleusine distachya Trin. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Seeds germinate rapidly, usually within 7 to 14 days under moist conditions, strong light and fluctuating temperatures (Busey, no date). 2. Leaf sheaths are flattened, smooth, and even on seedlings often are distinctly white to silver at the base. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Crowfoot Grass, Goosegrass, Wire Grass (Eleusine indica) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. 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