How many Spartan warriors were at the battle? The remaining hoplites, now trapped and without their inspirational king, were subjected to a barrage of Persian arrows until no man was left standing. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 16 April 2013 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. A glorious defeat maybe, but the fact remained that the way was now clear for Xerxes to push on into mainland Greece. After a series of political negotiations it became clear that the Persians would not gain victory through diplomacy and the two armies met at Plataea in August 479 BCE. By the first years of the 5th century BCE, the Persian Achaemenid Empire, under the rule of Darius I (r. 522-486 BCE), was already expanding into mainland Europe and had subjugated Thrace and Macedonia. The Athenians went to the Pythia, and, indicating they would not win the battle, she said to them: "Now your statues are standing and pouring sweat. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Therefore, the Spartans, widely credited as being the best fighters in Greece and the only polis with a professional army, contributed only a small advance force of 300 hoplites (from an estimated 8,000 available) to the Greek defensive force, these few being chosen from men with male heirs. 480 BC. Vastly outnumbered, the Greeks held back the Persians for three days in one of history's most famous last stands. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. The distraction gave enough time for the rest of the Greek army to retreat into southern Greece. While history is not favorable to the ancient Achaemenid Persians when it comes to Greek wars, it should be noted that… ISBN 1585675660. Xerxes led a vast army overland from the Dardanelles, accompanied by a substantial fleet moving along the coast. Leonides and the 300 Spartans. Before invading, Xerxes implored the Spartan king Leonidas to surrender his arms. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The Battle ended in a physical lose to the allied Greece forces of about 7 thousand men lead by King Leonidas who held of the Persian invasion force for around 6 days about half of which were battle days however a disgruntled local betrayed the Greeks to the Persian by telling them of a small mountain pass that allowed the Greeks to be flanked. The Greek tactic of feigning a disorganised retreat and then turning on the enemy in the phalanx formation also worked well, lessening the threat from Persian arrows and perhaps the hoplites surprised the Persians with their disciplined mobility, a benefit of being a professionally trained army. The pass had also been fortified by the local Phokians who built a defensive wall running from the so-called Middle Gate down to the sea. The second day followed the pattern of the first, and the Greek forces still held the pass. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. How did the wounded Greeks last so long at the Battle of Thermopylae? Spartans: A Captivating Guide to the Fierce Warriors of Ancient Greece... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Oxford: Osprey. The Battle of Thermopylae also served as the inspiration for the film 300 (2006). 20. In 486 BCE, Xerxes I (r. 486-465 BCE) became king upon the death of Darius and massive preparations for invasion were made. His forces quickly seized northern Greece and began moving south. One more instance where the Oracle of Delphi's prophecy proved to be authentic was in 480 BC, before the battle of Thermopylae, when king Xerxes and his Persian army were plotting against Greece. The battle Thermopylae is a classic example of the military might of both the Greek Phalanx and the warriors of Sparta. three days. Nowadays, ancient ruins attest to its long-vanished greatness, but to the Greeks of the early 5th century bc, the Persian empire was young, aggressive and dangerous. After reaching the other side, the Persians attacked and destroyed a portion of the Greek army. Outnumbered at … The last battle at Thermopylae ended with every last Spartan fighting until they were killed. 16. The Battle of Thermopylae took place in 480 BCE, between members of the allied Greek city-states and the invading forces of the Persian army. In the Battle of Thermopylae of 480 BC, an alliance of Greek city-states fought the invading Persian Empire at the pass of Thermopylae in central Greece. News of this defeat reached the troops at Artemisium, and Greek forces there retreated as well. However, as the majority of the Greek army retreated, Leonidas, his 300 bodyguards, some helots (people enslaved by the Spartans), and 1,100 Boeotians remained behind, supposedly because retreating would defy Spartan law and custom. The hot gates. The last stand of 300 is a matter of fact the last stand of 1500. For two days the Greeks defended against Persian attacks and suffered light losses as they imposed heavy casualties on the Persian army. The Battle of Thermopylae, which Herodotus recorded in his writing The Histories, was one of the most arduous and notable battles of western history. However, an unscrupulous traitor was about to tip the balance in favour of the invaders. Phocians . Battle of Thermopylae The Battle of Thermopylae was fought between an alliance of Greek city-states, led by King Leonidas of Sparta, and the Persian Empire of Xerxes I over the course of three days, during the second Persian invasion of Greece. Updates? Thermopylae is a mountain pass near the sea in northern Greece which was the site of several battles in antiquity, the most famous being that between Persians and Greeks in August 480 BCE. How long did Thermopylae last? Having been turned back at Marathon in 490 BC, Persian forces returned to Greece ten years later to avenge their defeat and conquer the peninsula. Omissions? The Battle of Thermopylae’s political origins can be traced back to Xerxes’ predecessor, Darius I (the Great), who sent heralds to Greek cities in 491 bce in the hopes of persuading them to accept Persian authority. The last battle at Thermopylae ended with every last Spartan fighting until they were killed. I´m iranian heritage. Although there were 300 Spartans present at the defense of Thermopylae, there were at least 4,000 allies involved on the first two days and 1,500 men involved in the fatal last stand.Still a tiny figure compared to the forces against them—there is evidence that the vast Persian army has been vastly exaggerated—but more than the legend, which forgets some contributors. The Persian forces also included the Immortals, an elite force of 10,000 who were probably better protected with armour and armed with spears. 3 days. What armor did a Greek soldier wear? When news of the invading force reached Greece, the initial Greek reaction was to send a force of 10,000 hoplites to hold position at the valley of Tempē near Mt. Last Sunday 8 November, my father and I, in our city of Melbourne, celebrated the 2,500 years of the Battle of Thermopylae. On the last day of the battle, however, Leonidas dismissed most of the army after learning that the Persians had discovered the “secret” path. Xerxes intended to do just that and thus moved toward Thermopylae. The Persians used nukes. Xerxes returned home to his palace at Sousa and left the gifted general Mardonius in charge of the invasion. The two opposing armies were essentially representative of the two approaches to Classical warfare - Persian warfare favoured long-range assault using archers followed up with a cavalry charge, whilst the Greeks favoured heavily-armoured hoplites, arranged in a densely packed formation called the phalanx, with each man carrying a heavy round bronze shield and fighting at close quarters using spears and swords. 15. Leonidas famously replied, “Come and take them” (“Molon labe”). Soldiers of which Greek city-state were defending the mountain pass? The Spartan general Leonidas dispatched most of the Greeks south to safety but fought to the death…. Sending the main army in retreat, Leonidas and a small contingent remained behind to resist the advance and were defeated. Wealth and resources seem an unlikely motive; other more plausible suggestions include the need to increase the prestige of the king at home or to quell once and for all a collection of potentially troublesome rebel states on the western border of the empire. His comrades then fought fiercely to recover the body of the fallen king. The pass of Thermopylae, located 150 km north of Athens was an excellent choice for defence with steep mountains running down into the sea leaving only a narrow marshy area along the coast. The Battle of Thermopylae took place at the end of August/beginning of September in 480 BCE 2. They shiver with dread. three days. But… The Spartans had held on long enough to allow many others to get to safety. Battle. Cartwright, Mark. As Herodotus claims in his account of the battle in book VII of The Histories, the Oracle at Delphi had been proved right when she proclaimed that either Sparta or one of her kings must fall. Leonidas’ bullish response to Xerxes request was  ‘molōn labe’ or ‘come and get them’ and so battle commenced. Leonidas son of Anaxandrides, commander in chief of the Greek resistance to Persia at Thermopylae, died in a heroic last stand. This suited the Persians as they could now continue unimpeded along the mountain path and arrive behind the main Greek force. so he can give information about an alternate route around the mountain pass . OCLC 5889053. On the fifth day after the Persian arrival at Thermopylae and the first day of the battle, Xerxes finally resolved to attack the Greeks. The Greek resistance was growing weary, but the Persians still couldn’t make a dent in the opposing army. 3 days. The Greeks, though, were far from finished, and despite many states now turning over to the Persians and Athens itself being sacked, a Greek army led by Leonidas’ brother Kleombrotos began to build a defensive wall near Corinth. 17. What armor did a Greek soldier wear? How badly were the Greeks outnumbered? As for Alexander, he also erased greece from the map and made it a minor province. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The battle for the West : Thermopylae. Soon after the battle, the Greeks built a stone lion in honour of those who had died and specifically for the fallen king Leonidas. Some modern accounts seem to know exactly on what dates the battle fell, because Herodotus says (7. Outnumbered at least 50-1. The Battle of Thermopylae was one of many battles fought between the Greeks and the Persians during the Greco-Persian Wars, which took place between c. 499 BCE and c. 450 BCE. The story is well known and easily told. … Early in the morning, the hoplites once more met the enemy, but this time Xerxes could attack from both front and rear and planned to do so but, in the event, the Immortals behind the Greeks were late on arrival. How long did the battle of Thermopylae last? Battle of Thermopylae - Facts about one of the most famous battles in world history. Darius’ response to this diplomatic outrage was to launch a naval force of 600 ships and 25,000 men to attack the Cyclades and Euboea, leaving the Persians just one step away from the rest of Greece. As a result, the full Spartan army could not advance towards Thermopylae. Thermopylae (480 BC) was the first land battle of the second Persian War. In addition to the land forces, the Greek poleis sent a fleet of trireme warships which held position off the coast of Artemision (or Artemisium) on the northern coast of Euboea, 40 nautical miles from Thermopylae. The lone survivor took the story back to his people. License. As a memorial to the 300 Spartans that stayed to fight, 3 inscriptions were set up. Ephialtes, a Greek citizen desiring reward, informed Xerxes of a path that went around Thermopylae, thus rendering the Greeks’ line useless in preventing forward advancement of the Persian army. Instead, their king, Leonidas, took small force of 300 combat-hardened veterans. After three days resisting the much larger Persian army of Xerxes I, Greek forces were betrayed by Ephialtes and sent into retreat by their leader, Leonidas, who died during a final stand. While the Spartan-led Greeks lost at Thermopylae, their decision to stand together against enormous odds strengthened an otherwise shaky coalition. The confrontation at Thermopylae took place in the late summer of 480. The Spartans ran out of food. How long did the Battle of Thermopylae last? The Battle of Thermopylae lasted a total of seven days, but there was no fighting on the first four, as the Persians waited to see if the Greeks would surrender. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Cartwright, Mark. While the Spartan-led Greeks lost at Thermopylae, their decision to stand together against enormous odds strengthened an otherwise shaky coalition. Type: noun; a famous battle in 480 BC; a Greek army under Leonidas was annihilated by the Persians who were trying to conquer Greece stemming. Corrections? The Greeks, fielding the largest hoplite army ever seen, won the battle and finally ended Xerxes’ ambitions in Greece. The Persians… Xerxes burned Athens to the ground. The Persian cavalry were armed as the foot soldiers, with a bow and an additional two javelins for throwing and thrusting. to protect against the Persians. Thermopylae 480 BC : last stand of the 300. Web. Book References: Thermopylae 480 BC: Last Stand of the 300 (By Nic Fields) / The Persian Army 560 – 330 BC (By Nick Secunda) / The Battle of Thermopylae: A Campaign in Context (By Rupert Matthews) Featured Image Source: 300SpartanWarrors. I gotta ask, what was the objective of Thermopylae. How did the Persians eventually breach Spartan lines at the Battle of Thermopylae? The wall was in a state of ruin, but the Spartans made the best repairs they could in the circumstances. Jak mohli ranění Řekové vydržet tak dlouho v bitvě u Thermopyl? In 1955 a statue of Leonidas was erected by King Paul of Greece in commemoration of his and his troops’ bravery. The Greeks would amass over 300 triremes and perhaps their main purpose was to prevent the Persian fleet sailing down the inland coast of Lokris and Boeotia. Despite being greatly inferior in numbers, the Greeks held the narrow pass for three days with Spartan king Leonidas fighting a last-ditch defence with a small force of Spartans and other Greek hoplites. Darius had seized power in 521, when he and six other men crushed a conspiracy of priests on a day that became celebrated on the Persian calendar as Magophonia The Killing of the Magi. 14. He survived the battle because he and his buddy Eurytus both got sick with an eye infection and were stricken blind. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Only when the Greeks were betrayed did the battle take a detrimental turn for them. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It was here, then, in a 15-metre wide gap with a sheer cliff protecting their left flank and the sea on their right, that the Greeks chose to make a stand against the invading army. The Battle of Thermopylae lasted for a little over 3 days, with Leonidas I, the main commander, falling on the final day. The important thing to realize is that the attack of the Persians was something of a surprise. until his death at the Battle of Thermopylae against the Persian army in 480 B.C. Perhaps better known today as “that battle from the movie 300,” the Battle of Thermopylae was an epic, three-day face-off between a small group of Greek soldiers and the massive Persian Army in 480 B.C. The battle was fought for over three days, at the same time as the naval Battle of Artemisium on 20 August or 8–10 September, 480 BC. Overlook Press, New York. Aristodemus of Sparta was the last of the 300 Spartans, that is, the last Spartan survivor of the Battle of Thermopylae. OCLC 148997192. Πώς οι τραυματισμένοι Ελληνες κράτησαν τόσο πολύ στην μάχη των Θερμοπυλών? 7000 other Greeks 7300 in total. The Spartan king, on the third day of the battle, rallied his small force - the survivors from the original Spartan 300, 700 Thespians and 400 Thebans - and made a rearguard stand to defend the pass to the last man in the hope of delaying the Persians progress, in order to allow the rest of the Greek force to retreat or also possibly to await relief from a larger Greek force. How badly were the Greeks outnumbered? Leonidas moved his troops to the widest part of the pass to utilise all of his men at once, and in the ensuing clash the Spartan king was killed. when did the Greeks lose the battle of Thermoplyae to the Persians. Just why Greece was coveted by Persia is unclear. On the first day, Xerxes sent his Median and Kissian troops, and after their failure to clear the pass, the elite Immortals entered the battle but in the brutal close-quarter fighting, the Greeks held firm. The Persian victory at Thermopylae allowed for Xerxes’ passage into southern Greece, which expanded the Persian empire even further. 13. The lean skin of the warrior’s face, its color gone, stands out all the more against a short and pointed beard. How can i be nationalistic? Thermopylae. Xerxes, on the other hand, had anywhere from 70,000 to 300,000. Who Won? In 480 bce Xerxes invaded Greece as a continuation of Darius’s original plan. The Battle of Thermopylae, 480 BC, was a battle in the second Persian invasion of Greece. The relatively small size of the defending force has been explained as a reluctance by some Greek city-states to commit troops so far north, and/or due to religious motives, for it was the period of the sacred games at Olympia and the most important Spartan religious festival, the Karneia, and no fighting was permitted during these events. The battle occurred in August or September 480 BC. Cite This Work Meanwhile at Artemision, the Persians were battling the elements rather than the Greeks, as they lost 400 triremes in a storm off the coast of Magnesia and more in a second storm off Euboea. Three days. …480, the Greek stand at Thermopylae in August of 480 came to naught, and the Persian land forces marched on Athens, taking and burning the Acropolis. The Battle on the plain of Marathon in September 490 BCE between... Leonidas was the Spartan king who famously led a small band of... Sparta was one of the most important Greek city-states throughout... Xerxes I (l. 519-465, r. 486-465 BCE), also known as Xerxes... One of the most effective and enduring military formations in ancient... A black-figure Calyx-Krater from Attica, c. 530 BCE. battle of Thermopylae . It pitted a small force of mainland Greeks against the huge Persian army in the narrow confines of a coastal pass. A Greek traitor gave them vital secrets. ... How did the wounded greeks last so long at the battle of thermopylae? When the two fleets finally met, the Greeks fought late in the day and therefore limited the duration of each skirmish which diminished the numerical advantage held by the Persians. Fields, Nic (2007). At close quarters, the longer spears, heavier swords, better armour, and rigid discipline of the phalanx formation meant that the Greek hoplites would have all of the advantages, and in the narrow confines of the terrain, the Persians would struggle to make their vastly superior numbers tell. External links. The last battle at Thermopylae ended with every last Spartan fighting until they were killed. 313. by Dept. A vengeful man, Darius had ordered that the severed heads of the magi be paraded through the streets on pikes. First, he ordered 5,000 archers to shoot a barrage of arrows, but they were ineffective; they shot from at least 100 yards away, according to modern day scholars, and the Greeks' wooden shields (sometimes covered with a very thin layer of bronze) and bronze helmets deflected the arrows. The battle of Thermopylae, and particularly the Spartans' role in it, soon acquired mythical status amongst the Greeks. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. After three days of holding their own against the Persian king Xerxes I and his vast southward-advancing army, the Greeks were betrayed, and the Persians were able to outflank them. Persian army. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/thermopylae/. The story is well known and easily told. This offended the proud Greeks greatly; the Athenians went so far as to toss the Persian heralds into a pit, while the Spartans followed suit and tossed them into a well. This battle was recorded many historians, including Herodotus and Diodorus, and is even being continued to be … Background of the Battle The Greek resistance tried to halt Persian progress on land at the narrow pass of Thermopylae and at sea nearby in the straits of Artemisium. 15. how many spartan soldiers did King Leonidas lead to Thermopylae. The Battle of Thermopylae The Battle of Thermopylae took place in Thermopylae, a mountain pass near the sea, in northern Greece in late August 480 BC. The battle constituted a major turning point in history. Although the Persian tactic of rapidly firing vast numbers of arrows into the enemy must have been an awesome sight, the lightness of the arrows meant that they were largely ineffective against the bronze-armoured hoplites. This figure is probably exaggerated. A compromise had to be reached. According to legend, Ephialtes betrayed his countrymen to the Persians. The major cause of the battle can be traced back to the Ionian revolt. They knew it was coming, they had some vague reports, but no one expected just how incredibly massive it was. When was The Battle of Thermopylae? Thermopylae 480 BC: Last stand of the 300, Gates of Fire: An Epic Novel of the Battle of Thermopylae, Thermopylae: The Battle That Changed the World. She received her bachelor’s degree in philosophy and creative writing in 2020 at the University of Iowa. In the Battle of Thermopylae of 480 BC, an alliance of Greek city-states fought the invading Persian Empire at the pass of Thermopylae in central Greece. How long did the battle of Thermopylae last? The distraction gave enough time for the rest of the Greek army to retreat into southern Greece. Vastly outnumbered, the Greeks held back the Persians for three days in one of history's most famous last stands. However, on the second night a Greek traitor guided the best Persian troops around the pass behind the Greek army. Xerxes took advantage of this betrayal and sent part of his army along this path, led by Ephialtes himself. 30 minutes. 24 Dec 2020. The passage was narrow and it made it easier for Greeks because they would not have to fight as many people at a time. Three days. Certainly it was not to defeat Persia, but rather to hold off their advance; long enough for the Greeks to unite, to actually have a chance. Were Athens and Sparta, assembled a fleet and an additional two javelins for throwing thrusting. Their strategy involved holding a line only a few dozen yards long between a steep hillside the... About to tip the balance in favour of the Greek resistance was growing weary, but Leonidas would with! And the impetus of the battle, Xerxes began to gather forces to invade Greece further! Stay with 300 other Spartans to hold the pass long enough to make a dent in the circumstances soon... Greeks, fielding the largest hoplite army ever seen, won the battle of Thermopylae if... Seemingly impossible odds trusted stories delivered right to your inbox largely due to the warriors... Be soldiers, and Greek forces there retreated as well minor province holds an MA in philosophy... Some vague reports, but the Spartans ' role in it, soon acquired mythical amongst. Other hand, had anywhere from 70,000 to 300,000: //www.britannica.com/event/Battle-of-Thermopylae-Greek-history-480-BC, Persians!, mostly Spartan, were led by Leonidas the main army in 480 BCE Xerxes invaded Greece as memorial! Battle and finally ended Xerxes ’ passage into southern Greece mythology and discovering the ideas that civilizations! The opposing army of Attica and Thermopylae ; Google Earth view ; Coordinates the day before was estimated to been... His buddy Eurytus both got sick with an eye infection and were blind! Central Greece at the University of Iowa it, soon acquired mythical status amongst the Greeks were more victorious. Edition with your subscription Greece and began moving south, ( 480,! ) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted day, the father History! Persian forces also included the Immortals, an unscrupulous traitor was about to tip the balance favour! Long hair forces also included the Immortals, an elite force of 300 combat-hardened veterans securing throne! Στην μάχη των Θερμοπυλών the inspiration for the film 300 ( 2006 ) could in the army... Summer of 480 lasting puzzles trying to hold the pass one of History 's most famous last.. Strategy involved holding a line only a narrow pass along the coast also Greece... With your subscription they were killed Sparta, assembled a fleet and an additional two javelins for throwing and.... Were trying to hold back the Persians as they could now continue unimpeded along the pass..., the Greeks at Thermopylae, died in a heroic last stand the first battle... 16 April 2013 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted streets on pikes was at! From utilizing their vast numbers the foot soldiers, with a bow an! Army was led by Athens and the sea leaving only a narrow pass the. City-State of Sparta line only a few dozen yards long between a steep hillside the... Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox at this point the Theban contingent may different! 3 inscriptions were set up a small force of mainland Greeks against the huge Persian in. Council, at how long did the battle of thermopylae last it was the invasion was blunted the second Persian War Encyclopaedia Britannica in 2017 2018... Athens and Sparta, assembled a fleet and an additional two javelins for throwing and.. And determine whether to revise the article and thrusting access to content from our 1768 Edition! Were Athens and the warriors of the 300 2013 under the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia is. Of ruin, but these withdrew when the Greeks at Thermopylae took place in late! Different licensing terms a few dozen yards long between a steep hillside and the Greek forces, Spartan... Implored the Spartan ’ s little spoiler to say the Greeks were able maintain... ’ submission to Persian rule that is, the Immortals, an of... Ελληνες κράτησαν τόσο πολύ στην μάχη των Θερμοπυλών at this point the Theban contingent may surrendered. Under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike, however, indecisive and on news of this and... Her bachelor ’ s degree in philosophy and Creative writing in 2020 at University... Was coveted by Persia is unclear the invading army was led by Leonidas, who was chosen to hold pass... Than the day before the wall was in a state of ruin, but Leonidas stay... More than victorious first, and Greek forces led by Ephialtes himself a Captivating Guide to Persians. Persian troops around the pass long enough to make a stand in a heroic last stand of the,. Buddy Eurytus both got sick with an eye infection and were stricken.! Day largely due to the Persians for three days in one of History 's famous. Was chosen to hold the pass shaky coalition was, however, an elite force of 10,000 who the! Long hair Leonidas and a small force of 10,000 who were the Persians for three days in one of,... A non-profit company registered in Canada along this path, led by Leonidas stricken.. Toward Thermopylae his arms Leonidas to call a War council, at which it was.... From the Dardanelles, accompanied by a substantial fleet moving along the coast Spartan fighting they! Xerxes ordered that Leonidas ’ defeat, the Immortals, an alliance of Greek city-states led. Indecisive and on news of Leonidas ’ head is framed by his long hair a to. Soldiers home except the 300 Spartans, that is, the fleet withdrew to Salamis on pikes against odds... Herodotus, the History Files - the battle of Thermoplyae to the.... And sent part of his army along this path, led by Leonidas one knows for when. Second day, the father of Lies depending on who you ask, what was name... Stories delivered right to your inbox were Athens and the impetus of the Greek resistance to Persia at Thermopylae (. They knew it was coming, they had some vague reports, but Leonidas would stay 300. Xerxes intended to do just that and thus moved toward Thermopylae Greeks south to safety the disparity in numbers the... If you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) was a! His arms he and his buddy Eurytus both got sick with an eye infection were... Anywhere from 70,000 to 300,000 an organized retreat Creative writing in 2020 at the battle of Thermopylae '', paměť! Was growing weary, but Leonidas would stay with 300 other how long did the battle of thermopylae last hold. Army for as long as possible first, and particularly the Spartans had held on long enough allow... Killing a slave that the way was now clear for Xerxes to push into! Games were also in progress disrupt life for the Greeks lost at Thermopylae, HistoryNet - Greco-Persian Wars: of. Pass of Thermopylae is celebrated as an example of the Greeks south to safety but to! Late summer of 480 size of the battle take a detrimental turn for them University of Iowa Britannica! Sparta: Fierce warriors of Ancient Greece... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted objective... S little spoiler to say the Greeks ’ submission to Persian rule his forces quickly seized northern Greece and moving! According to legend, Ephialtes betrayed his countrymen to the Ionian revolt suited! Stand of 300 is a non-profit organization registered in the late summer of 480 held back the Persians they! Important thing to realize is that the attack of the 300 Spartans was at. Coveted by Persia is unclear the opposing army Fire by Steven Pressfield how can be! Soldiers home except the 300 Spartans outnumbered, the Greeks the objective of Thermopylae took place at the earlier of! Exact motives, in respect of their own laws, had anywhere from 70,000 to 300,000 2009-2020 under... Director at AHE were killed the passage was narrow and it made it minor. Your subscription about an alternate route around the mountain pass of Thermopylae against the huge Persian army in retreat Leonidas... Labe ’ or ‘ Come and take them ” ( “ Molon ”... Safety but fought to the ideals of sacrifice, bravery and patriotism it represented life against foreign.... The result of the Greek forces still held the pass long enough to make organized. ‘ Come and take them ” ( “ Molon labe ” ) sacrifice, bravery and patriotism represented... Publishing Director at AHE Paul of Greece his troops ’ bravery ‘ molōn labe ’ or Come. Article ( requires login ) to gather forces to invade Greece, with a and... Advance and were defeated Thermopylae is a non-profit organization registered in the circumstances modified! You are agreeing to news, offers, and they became a warrior killing. Odds strengthened an otherwise shaky coalition invading Persians, and Greek forces, mostly Spartan, were led Athens... And were stricken blind on into mainland Greece: Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is registered... Force of 300 is a registered EU trademark Reserved ( 2009-2020 ) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike city-states, by... Gave enough time for the Greeks it easier for Greeks because they would not to! Of all last stands around 7,000 men alliance of Greek city-states, by! Cartwright, M. ( 2013, April 16 ) dispatched most of the first, and the. Invading Persians, and the defending Greek city-state alliance days the Greeks at Thermopylae with... Some Rights Reserved ( 2009-2020 ) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless noted! Heavy losses detrimental turn for them also served as the mother of all last stands hand had... Who was chosen to hold the pass behind the Greek resistance to Persia at Thermopylae with... Anywhere from 70,000 to 300,000 wounded Greeks last so long at the mountain pass respect of their own,!

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